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科技智库建设的多层次图景分析

Multi-level picture analysis of science and technology think tank construction

摘要: [目的/意义]当前我国科技智库建设普遍存在定位模糊和“库”重于“智”的问题,在新的决策背景下,找到“位”、提升“智”是当前科技智库建设的首要任务。[方法/过程]为此,本文以知识为基础,构建了科技智库建设的多层次图景:宏观层面的属性和边界关系图景,微观层面的研究体系及功能结构图景,中观层面的类型模式和组织演化图景,希望能够以“图”定“位”,以“知”明“智”。[结果/结论]从多个维度对科技智库进行了以“图”定“位”,并明晰了科技智库提高“智”识—提升“智”量—彰显“智”能的以“知”明“智”的路径,得出了一些新的认识:(1)认为知识与决策的双向互动是科技智库区别于其他智库的本质特征,将科技智库与其他智库的互动关系分为强联系与弱联系型,提出科技智库是智库体系中最为基础、最为能动、最为新锐的力量;(2)明确了核心科学在科技智库中的灵魂地位以及科技智库对核心科学的反哺作用,提出科技智库应超越当前“科技咨询”模式,向不确定性和决策风险高的后常规科学问题及策略拓展;(3)基于知识体系架构和领域跨度,将科技智库划分为综合型、专业型、咨询型、平台型4个类型,并在系统整合的基础上构建了科技智库的组织演化图景,基本明确了科技智库的建设路径及一流科技智库的建设方向。希望为个体科技智库建设和国家科技智库的宏观管理提供一些可能的靶标和参考,为科技智库理论和实践的多元化、系统化、有序化发展贡献力量。

英文摘要:[Purpose/significance] At present, the construction of science and technology think tanks in my country generally has problems of vague positioning and "repository" is more important than "wisdom". Under the new decision-making background, finding "position" and improving "wisdom" are the primary tasks of current science and technology think tank construction. . [Method/process] To this end, based on knowledge, this paper constructs a multi-level picture of science and technology think tank construction: the picture of attributes and boundary relations at the macro level, the picture of the research system and functional structure at the micro level, the type model and the model at the meso level. To organize the evolutionary picture, we hope to be able to "position" with "picture" and "wisdom" with "knowledge". [Result/conclusion] The science and technology think tanks are positioned according to the "map" from multiple dimensions, and it is clarified that the science and technology think tanks can improve the knowledge of "wisdom" - enhance the quantity of "wisdom" - highlight the "wisdom" of "knowledge" The "wise" path has led to some new understandings: (1) It is believed that the two-way interaction between knowledge and decision-making is the essential feature that distinguishes science and technology think tanks from other think tanks, and the interaction between science and technology think tanks and other think tanks is divided into strong connection and Weak connection type, it is proposed that science and technology think tanks are the most basic, dynamic and cutting-edge forces in the think tank system; (2) The soul status of core science in science and technology think tanks and the feedback role of science and technology think tanks on core science are clarified, and it is proposed that science and technology think tanks should Go beyond the current "science and technology consulting" model, and expand to post-conventional scientific issues and strategies with high uncertainty and decision-making risks; (3) Based on the knowledge system structure and field span, the science and technology think tanks are divided into comprehensive, professional, consulting, There are 4 types of platform type, and on the basis of system integration, the organizational evolution picture of science and technology think tanks is constructed, and the construction path of science and technology think tanks and the construction direction of first-class science and technology think tanks are basically clarified. We hope to provide some possible targets and references for the construction of individual science and technology think tanks and the macro management of national science and technology think tanks, and contribute to the diversified, systematic and orderly development of science and technology think tanks in theory and practice.

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[V1] 2018-10-19 17:07:53 chinaXiv:201810.00119V1 下载全文
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